The energy consumption in Bulgaria and Romania

For the period 2006-2016, almost all EU countries have reduced their energy consumption and have become more energy efficient in response to the targets set in the Europe 2020 Strategy adopted in 2010 by the European Union. The main goal of the strategy is to reduce the overall energy consumption by European countries by 20% and to achieve greater energy efficiency. The EU wants total primary energy consumption2 to be no more than 1.483 billion tonnes of oil equivalent1, and final energy consumption3 – 1.086 billion tonnes of oil equivalent.

Romania is among the countries with the largest decrease in energy consumption during this period – from 40.6 to 32.4 million tonnes of oil equivalent (-20.2%). The only two countries with a bigger decrease in consumption are Greece (-23.6%) and Malta (-22.5%). For the same period, Bulgaria reduced its energy consumption by 11.1% – from 20.4 to 18.1 million tonnes of oil equivalent. Only two EU countries have increased their energy consumption – Estonia (13.4%) and Poland (3.2%).


1 a tonne of oil equivalent – a standardized measurement unit, in which the energy value of different types of fuel (coal, nuclear, etc.) can be converted, provided that in one tonne of oil there are 41,868 gigajoules of energy.

2 primary energy consumption – the amount of energy needed by the state to satisfy its consumption.

3 final energy consumption – the total amount of energy used by end-users (households, industry, transport, agriculture, etc.)

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